Three of my class mates and I worked on a short film called ‘Jody and Spencer’, by a short film I mean like 2 minutes. This was a test of continuity editing.
The 180 degree rule is where you keep the camera positioned on one side of an imaginary line of action, you can’t cut to a position across the line but must stay within the confines of the 180 degree arc. This means you can ensure that you have a common space between shots and s constant screen direction.
The 30 degree rule is where you can’t change the camera angle for anything less than 30 degrees, in the same framing, because then the viewers may see a visible jump and not thing they were supposed to be different shots, but maybe just a jump. The audience may think it’s just an unprofessional shot as the shots won’t change that much. A re-establishing shot is where after a series of shots you tent to use re-establishing shot to break up the scenes and re-affirm the space. For example, if you have a shot of people talking and you keep flipping from different sides to (shot/reverse shot) show the conversation, you would go to a re-establishing shot so that the audience get more sense of the scene and remember where they are. A shot/reverse shot is where you show one character then it cuts to the opposite end of the axis to show the second character, usually used as an over the shoulder shot. It cuts to that you can see the characters emotion and not just the back of their head while they’re talking. Eyeliner match is where the character looks at something off screen before you cut to the thing they’re looking at, but not as a point of view shot. A match on action is where is cuts between two shots that shows the movement through the scene. Ellipitcal editing is where you edit and cut the unnecessary action from the sequence. For example, rather than showing people getting off a chair and walking through a college and out of the door, you show them getting off their chair and walking out the college door. The audience fills the rest in.
Our own continuity editing
For this we were give a copy of the script, a shot list, and a shot list for order of shooting. We decided to shoot all of the conversation from Spencer all at once, using the different camera angles to create a sense to the audience of where he is and whats going on behind him, also his facial expression. It was quite a struggle because of all the background noise and the space we had. Once we did Spencer’s scene’s we tried to go outside to film Jody in a car park, however it started chucking it down with rain! So we had to film it inside, and there was people who keep interrupting the shoots because the opened the door behind the camera. We ran out of time in the end, and had to shoot some of Jody’s shots the day after. Which also caused a problem because the actress wore different clothes, meaning they had to do a close up of her face to try and not show her clothing. Once we got to the editing, we realised some of the shots didn’t add up together and they jumped between shots and just didn’t look right.
This is our video Jody and Spencer, which was really hard to edit because not all of the shows flowed well with each other and jumped from shot to shot: https://youtu.be/MGiQ5eGm_KQ